Expérience Pratique

Arthur Appleton partage sa pratique entre le droit du commerce international, le droit des investissements et l’arbitrage international. Il a plus de 25 ans d’expérience dans le domaine du droit du commerce international (GATT et OMC). Elle remonte à la fin des années 80 lorsqu’il a conseillé un pays asiatique lors des négociations commerciales du round de l’Uruguay. Arthur Appleton est plusieurs fois apparu devant l’Organe d’appel de l’OMC où il a représenté et conseillé de nombreux États dans des différends relatifs au droit commercial. Il a travaillé intensivement en Asie, en Afrique, au Moyen-Orient et en Amérique latine auprès d’entreprises, de gouvernements, d’organisations internationales et d’ONG sur divers sujets liés au commerce international. Arthur Appleton se concentre essentiellement sur les questions commerciales concernant les investissements (accords bilatéraux d’investissement et accords sur les MIC), le règlement des différends, les normes et règlementations techniques (accords OTC), les mesures de santé et de sécurité (Accords SPS), la propriété intellectuelle (ADPIC), l’accessibilité et l’environnement (changement climatique) ainsi que des questions concernant les accords commerciaux régionaux. Le « International Who’s Who of Trade and Customs Lawyers » a reconnu son rôle-clé dans le domaine du commerce international depuis l’an 2000. Il est également Senior Consultant auprès de la Banque Mondiale en matière de commerce et d’investissement.

Arthur Appleton a exercé les fonctions d’arbitre unique, d’arbitre coopté et d’avocat dans les arbitrages ICC, AAA et ad hoc. Il a été impliqué dans les différends concernant le commerce international (en particulier le commerce de l’acier), la propriété intellectuelle, les licences, les accords d’agence, les contrats, la construction et la souveraineté. Son expérience compte aussi des litiges où ont été appliqués le droit international, le droit de l’OMC, le droit civil, la common law et le droit de plusieurs pays musulmans. Il a siégé au Comité de rédaction du Bulletin de l’ASA, le journal officiel de l’Association Suisse d’Arbitrage où il a écrit et édité de nombreux articles sur l’arbitrage.

En plus de son travail d’avocat, Arthur Appleton est professeur auxiliaire à l’Université Johns Hopkins (SAIS-Europe) et membre du World Trade Institute de l’université de Berne ainsi que de du LLM en International Economic Law and Policy de l’Université de Barcelone (IELPO – Université de Barcelone). Il est régulièrement invité à s’exprimer sur des questions de commerce international lors de conférences et séminaires dans les universités d’Europe, d’Amérique du Nord, d’Afrique, du Moyen-Orient et d’Asie. Arthur Appleton a publié de nombreux articles sur le commerce international (deux ouvrages et environ 40 articles). Il est co-éditeur de The World Trade Organization: Legal, Economic and Political Analysis publié en trois volumes chez Springer (mai 2005). Avant de former Appleton Luff, Arthur Appleton a passé trois ans à Genève en tant que Counsel chez White & Case (cabinet d’avocats américain renommé), et cinq ans chez Lalive & Partners (cabinet d’arbitrage suisse de premier plan). Il a a également travaillé en tant qu’avocat aux États-Unis.

Education

B.A., Université d’Exeters (Collège William and Mary),1980

J.D., Université du Maryland, 1984

D.E.S., Université de Genève, Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement, Division Droit International, 1991

Ph.D., Université de Genève, Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement, Division Droit International, 1997

Langues

Anglais, Français, Italien et Espagnol

Dr-Arthur-E-Appleton

 Barreaux

  • Barreau fédéral du District of Columbia, admis en 1988
  • Barreau fédéral du Maryland, admis en 1987
  • Barreau du District of Columbia, admis en 1985
  • Barreau du Maryland, admis en 1985

Affiliations Académiques et Organisations Professionnelles

  • Comité de rédaction de Legal Issues of Economic Integration (Journal de l’institut Europa et de l’Amsterdam Center for International Law) (actuel)
  • Comité de conseil, The Latin American Journal of International Trade Law (actuel)
  • Secrétariat du Comité de Rédaction, ASA Bulletin- Association Suisse d’Arbitrage (de 1993 à 2009)
  • Association de juristes d’affaires internationaux (Membre et ancien co-président) (www.aibl.ch)
  • American Society of International Law (Membre) (www.asil.org/)
  • Association Suisse d’Arbitrage (Membre) (www.arbitration-ch.org)
  • Society of International Economic Law (Membre) (www.sielnet.org/)
  • International Law Institute Washington, D.C. (Comité de Conseil, Centre de Droit du Commerce International) (http://www.ili.org/centers-of-expertise/international-trade-law.html)
  • Ordre des avocats de Genève, admis en tant qu’avocat étranger (www.odage.ch)
  • Association du barreau du District of Columbia (Membre)

LANGUES

Anglais, Français, Italien et Espagnol

Recent Projects

  • Senior Trade and Investment Consultant, IFC/World Bank Investment Climate Projects in Kazakhstan, Oman and Saudi Arabia (multiple trips during 2014-2015).
  • Attorney General’s Office, Brasilia, Brazil, Weeklong Tailor-Made Courses on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, SPS and TBT, and Dipsute Settlement (2013-2014).
  • European Trade Policy And Investment Support Project  (EU- MUTRAP IV) Capacity Building of Viet Nam’s Negotiators on Specific Aspects of New Generation of FTAs (Code EU-4), Quang Ninh Province and lectures in Hanoi (June-Sept. 2014).
  • Course on TBT, SPS and Agriculture, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT), (9-13 June 2014).
  • Advanced Course on the TBT and SPS Agreements for Senior Officials from the Palestinian Authority, 4-8 May 2014 and 1-5 June 2014 (sponsored by EFTA) Ramallah, Palestine.
  • Master Program in Trade, Investment and Competition Law (MTIC),   Trade Regulation Course – Non-Tariff Measures (SPS &TBT), (sponsored by SECO) Universitas Pelita Harapan Graduate Campus, 1-5 April 2014 (one week of teaching).
  • La Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP), Introduction to the SPS and TBT Agreement for Government Officials and Masters Degree Students, organised by SECO and WTI, Lima, Peru, 30 September – 4 October 2013.
  • Universidad de Chile, Instituto Estudios Internacionales, Introduction to the SPS and TBT Agreement for Government Officials and Masters Degree Students, organised by SECO and WTI, Santiago, Chile, 23 – 27 September 2013.
  • Training on Dispute Settlement for State Attorneys in Brazil, Brasilia, 9-13 September 2013.
  • Training Program on Legal Interpretation for the Judges of the East African Community (organized by ILI Uganda), Kampala, Uganda, 27-29 June 2013.
  • Universitas Pelita Harapan Graduate Campus, Trade Regulation Course (NTBs) for Government Officials and Graduate Students (sponsored by SECO) 4-8 February 2013.
  • Foreign Trade University (Hanoi), The TBT and SPS Agreements as a Sword and Shield, 18 November 2011 (lecture).
  • EU-Vietnam MUTRAP III (Hanoi), Trade and the Environment, 14-17 November 2011 (lectures).
  • International Economic Law and Policy (IELPO), University of Barcelona., 7-11 November 2011, The TBT and SPS Agreement (week-long course).
  • La Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (WTI), weeklong course on the SPS and TBT Agreement to Government officials and Masters Degree students 10-15 October 2011 (classes/lectures).
  • INCAE (Costa Rica), Agricultural Policy and Standards, 14-15 April 2011 (two days of lectures to government officials).
  • International Economic Law and Policy (IELPO), University of Barcelona., 25-26 November 2010, The TBT Agreement (two-day course).
  • The Academy of Business in Society, 9th Annual Conference on Corporate Responsibility and Emerging Markets, “The Role of Emerging Markets in Building a Sustainable Global Economy: In Pursuit of a Sustainable Global Market Economy” St. Petersburg, Russia, 20 September 2010 (Keynote speech).
  • Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), “Certificates of Free Sale: Who are we Protecting from Whom?”, Barcelona, 19 July 2010 (Panel Presentation).
  • Asian Development Bank, Trade Remedies, Dispute Settlement and SPS and TBT Issues – Multilateralism versus Bilateralism from the Asian perspective, 24 June 2010 (three lectures).
  • COMESA Secretariat / ACP MTS PMU Secretariat, Designed and managed a course on improving analytical skills in trade-related negotiations, Nairobi, Kenya, June 2010 (one week of teaching as Project Manager).
  • University of Sussex, Department of Economics / Tyndall Centre, Trade and Climate Change – Current Discussions, 27 May 2010 (Conference Presentation).
  • World Trade Organization, “Workshop on Trade and Environment for Indonesian Governmental Officials,” lectures on environmental labeling, dispute settlement related to environmental disputes, and sectoral issues: palm oil, pulp and paper and food and beverages, Surabaya, Indonesia, 6-7 November 2009 (two days of lectures).
  • World Trade Organization, “Regional Workshop on Trade and Environment for Middle East and Arab Countries,” lectures on environmental labeling, dispute settlement related to environmental disputes, multilateral environmental agreements, trade and climate change, and environmental goods, Amman Jordan, 20-22 October 2009 (three days of lectures).
  • World Trade Organization, A series of lectures on the Doha Development Agenda (Trade Facilitation, GATS, Dispute Settlement, Basic Principles), Lusaka, Zambia, 15-17 June 2009.
  • Asian Development Bank, (Hanoi), Lectures on treatment of Trade Remedies, TBT and SPS Measures, Intellectual Property and Dispute Settlement in Free Trade Agreements, 19-21 May 2009 (two days of lectures to Vietnamese Government officials).
  • International Economic Law and Policy (IELPO), University of Barcelona, 26 January 2009, Life as a Lawyer (lecture).
  • Manufactures, Maquiladora Industry Association (Juarez, Mexico), “The Business Viewpoint: Legal Issues of Economic Integration” 29-30 October 2008 (Speech and Conference Appearance).
  • Asian Development Bank (Vientiane, Laos), Lectures on negotiating free trade agreements, including intellectual property rights, dispute settlement, technical barriers to trade, and sanitary and phytosanitary measures) 21-22 October 2008 (two days of lectures).
  • International Law Institute, (Kampala, Uganda) EU Economic Partnership Agreements, 15-19 September 2008 (five days of lectures).
  • Graduate Programme, Eduardo Mondlane University School of Law (Maputo Mozambique), Lectures on trade in Agriculture, (WTO Agreement on Agriculture, SPS Agreement, TBT Agreement, SCM Agreement) 8-12 September 2008 (five days of lectures).

Books

wto

The World Trade Organization: A Legal, Political and Economic Analysis, Co-Editor with Patrick Macrory and Michael Plummer (three volumes, May 2005, Springer).

Environmental Labelling Programmes: International Trade Law Implications, Kluwer Law International (International Environmental Law and Policy Series), London, 235 pages (1997)

Articles, chapters and monographs

  • The Business Guide to the WTO, Investment and Regional Trade Agreements (with Patrick Macrory, Ian laird and Borzu Sabahi, eds., ICC, forthcoming book – September 2016).
  • “The WTO Appellate Body – Pathways and Pitfalls,” appearing in Judging the State in International Trade and Investment Law (Leïla Choukroune, ed., Springer, forthcoming 2016).
  • “The US – Shrimp Appeal: 20 Years On,” appearing in WTO Disputes @Twenty: Insiders’ Reflections On India’s Participation (Abhijit Das, ed., forthcoming 2016).
  • “Product Labelling: What Hath the AB Wrought,” ICTSD-BioRes, (op. ed. forthcoming October 2015).
  • “PIL and IEL: Will Seal Deaths Resurrect the Dream of International Legal Coherence?” (online journal)http://www.qil-qdi.org/pil-iel-will-seal-deaths-resurrect-dream-international-legal-coherence/,QIL – Questions of International Law, Zoom-in 9 (2014) 5-18, , 24 November 2014.
  • “National Treatment under the TBT Agreement,”  appearing in The Principle of National Treatment in International Economic Law, Trade, Investment, and Intellectual Property  (A. Kamperman Sanders, Editor; University of Maastricht / Edward Elgar, 2014).
  • “Product Labelling 15 Years On: The Role of the Judiciary,” appearing in Reflections on the Constitutionalisation of International Economic Law – Liber Amicorum Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann: Essays in Honour of Professor Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann (Cremaona, Hilpold, Staiger Schneider and Ziegler, editors; European University Institute, BRILL, 2013).
  • “Conformity Assessment,” appearing in the TBT Handbook , pp. 81-119 (Michael Trebilcock and Tracy Epps, Editors; Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013).
  • “Forum Selection in Trade Litigation,” ICTSD Programme on International Trade Law; Issue Paper No. 12; International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, Switzerland (2013).
  • “Certificates of Free Sale: Who is Being Protected from Whom?” 14(4) Journal of International Economic Law 719-763 (2011) (with Claudio Dordi).
  • “In Pursuit of a Sustainable Global Market Economy,” 11 Corporate Governance No. 4, pp. 327-336 (2011) (with Jean-Pierre Lehmann).
  • “Tension grows with China: Only Strengthened International Law Can Prevent Open Conflict” (Jean-Pierre Lehmann and Arthur Appleton), The Washington Times, January 11, 2011 (reprinted in other U.S. newspapers).
  • “Case C 40/08 Asturcom – EU Unfair Terms Law Confirmed as a Matter of Public Policy” Volume 28 ASA Bulletin 413-418 (2/2010) (with Bernd Graf).
  • “A Lesson on Trade, Regulation and Competition Policy?” appearing in Achieving the 2019 Vision – 100th Anniversary of the Founding of the ICC 245-248 (2010).
  • “Preliminary Thoughts on WTO Retaliation in the Services Sector,” appearing in The Law, Economics and Politics of Retaliation in WTO Dispute Settlement, Chad P. Bown and Joost Pauwelyn (eds.), Cambridge University Press (2010).
  • “Transport Labelling: Protection or Protectionism,” Swisscam Magazine (Swiss-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce (2009).
  • “Suspension of Concessions in the Services Sector: Legal, Technical and Economic Problems,” International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD, 2009).
  • “Private Climate Change Standards and Labelling Schemes under the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade”, appearing in International Trade on a Warming Globe: The Role of the WTO in the Climate Change Debate, 2007 World Trade Forum, World Trade Institute (Thomas Cottier, Olga Nartova and Sadeq Bigdeli, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2009).
  • “European Communities – Trade Description of Sardines,” La jurisprudence de  L`OMC / The Case-Law of the WTO, Brigitte Stern and Hélène Ruiz Fabri (eds.),  (chapter with Veijo Heiskanen, forthcoming).
  • “Supermarket Labels and the TBT Agreement: `Mind the Gap`”, 4 Business Law Brief 10 (Issue 1), Washington College of Law, American University (Autumn 2007).
  • “Freedom of Speech and Assembly versus Trade and Transit Rights: Roadblocks to EU and MERCOSUR Integration” 34 Legal Issues of Economic Integration 255 (with Bernd Graf, 2007).
  • “Elisa María Mostaza Claro v Centro Movil Milenium SL: EU Consumer Law as a Defence against Arbitral Awards” (ECJ Case C-168/05), 25 ASA Bulletin 48 (Vol. 1), (with Bernd Graf, 2007).
  • “DSU Decision-Making: Bridging the Perception Gap,” in Ten Years Of Dispute Settlement in the WTO 73-92 (Horvitz, Moulis and Steger, eds.) International Bar Association, Trade and Customs Committee (chapter with Veijo Heiskanen, 2007).
  • “Like a Rolling Stone: Developing Countries, Doha and the Future of the WTO”, 5 International Law Review of Wuhan University 173 (2006).
  • “Environmental Labelling Schemes Revisited: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications,” reprinted in The WTO, Trade and Environment (Sampson and Whalley (Chapter 24, Edward Elgar Publishing, May 2005).
  • “The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement,” chapter appearing in The World Trade Organization: A Legal, Political and Economic Analysis (Springer 2005).
  • “The Sardines Decision: Fish Without Chips?,” Arthur E. Appleton and Veijo Heiskanen, Challenges and Prospects for the WTO 165 – 192 (Cameron May 2005).
  • “Towards Remedies which Expand rather than Contract Trade,” 5 The Journal of World Investment & Trade 349 (April 2004).
  • “United We Stand,” Legal Week Global 22-23 (January 2004).
  • “The Doha Work Programme: Prospects for the WTOs Development Round,” The Johns Hopkins University, Working Paper Series – The Bologna Center, Working Paper No. 1 (January 2004).
  • “The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement,” UNCTAD Handbook on Dispute Settlement (2003).
  • “Environmental Labelling Schemes Revisited: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications,” Trade, Environment, and the Millennium 234-266 (Sampson and Chambers, eds., 2nd edition) (United Nations University Press, 2002).
  • “Domain Name Arbitrations: A Review of Selected Decisions,” Arthur E. Appleton and Kamen Troller, ASA Bulletin 716 (4/2000).
  • “Amicus Curiae Submissions in the Carbon Steel Case: Another Rabbit from the Appellate Body`s Hat?” 3 Journal of International Economic Law 691 (2000).
  • “The Labeling of GMO Products Pursuant to International Trade Rules,” 8 New York University Environmental Law Journal 566 (2000).
  • “The World Trade Organization: Implications for Human Rights and Democracy,” 19 Thesaurus Acroasium 415-460 (2000).
  • “Environmental Labelling Schemes: WTO Law and Developing Country Implications,” appearing in Trade and the Environment 195-221 (Sampson and Chambers, Eds.) (United Nations University Press 1999).
  • “Shrimp/Turtle: Untangling the Nets,” 2 Journal of International Economic Law 477 (1999).
  • “Telecommunications Trade: Reach Out and Touch Someone?” 19 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 209 (1998).
  • “GATT Article XX`s Chapeau: A Disguised `Necessary` Test? The WTO Appellate Body Ruling in United States – Standards for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline,” 6 Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 131 (July 1997).
  • “Fédération de l`industrie de l`huilerie de la CEE (`FEDIOL`) v. Commission des Communautés européennes,” ECJ Case 70/87, 84 American Journal of International Law 258 (1990).
  • “Dresser Industries: The Failure of Foreign Policy Trade Controls Under the Export  Administration Act,” 8 Maryland Journal of International Law and Trade 122 (1984).

Academic Affiliations

  • Adjunct Professor of International Trade Law, Johns Hopkins University (SAIS – Europe) (www.sais-jhu.edu/faculty/arthur-appleton) (present)
  • Adjunct Faculty Member and Board Member, World Trade Institute (WTI), University of Berne (www.worldtradeinstitute.ch) (present)
  • Adjunct Faculty Member, International Economic Law and Policy (IELPO), University of Barcelona (www.ielpo.org) (present)
  • Adjunct Faculty Member, International Law Institute (ILI) (www.ili.org) (present)
  • Numerous specialized courses at universities and institutes around the world – most recently India (IIFT), Chile (Universidad de Chile), Brazil (School of the Attorney General’s Office), Peru (PUCP), Ramallah (PA), Uganda (ILI), Indonesia (UPH), Vietnam (FTU), Costa Rica (INCAE) and Mozambique (Eduardo Mondlane).
  • Numerous consulting and teaching assignments for various international organizations (WTO, ITC, UNITAR, ADB, IDB and UNCTAD)
  • Visiting Lecturer, University of Amsterdam School of Law (2002-2006)
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